Alexander the great in conquest of gaugemel

Many of these towns had been ruled for generations by heavy handed tyrants, so in these Persian towns, he did the opposite of what he did in Greece. He agreed to return the prisoners without ransom, but told Darius that he and Alexander were not equals, and that Darius was to henceforth address Alexander as "King of all Asia".

According to Arrianthe most reliable historian of Alexander who is believed to be relying on the work of the eyewitness Ptolemyhis forces numbered 7, cavalry and 40, infantry.

The fire spread quickly, engulfing both towers and other siege equipment that had been brought up. But the Scythian cavalry and the Bactrians, who Alexander the great in conquest of gaugemel been drawn up with them, sallied forth against them and being much more numerous they put the small body of Greeks to rout.

The dissent against Alexander's plans to take the city by force disappeared, and his engineers began to design the structure. Bessus was now in Bactria raising a national revolt in the eastern satrapies with the usurped title of Great King.

He combined an iron will and ability to drive himself and his men to the utmost with a supple and flexible mind; he knew when to draw back and change his policy, though he did this reluctantly.

The Persians made a mistake of locating their cavalry on the river banks causing the cavalry to be a stationary unit as their infantry was located behind them Diodorus, Book XVII, The people welcomed him as their deliverer, and the Persian satrap Mazaces wisely surrendered. At the time of the siege, the city held approximately 40, people, though the women and children were evacuated to Carthagean ancient Phoenician colony.

On the right-center were Cretan mercenaries.

Battle of Gaugamela

He called her "mother", finding her more amicable than his megalomaniacal snake-worshiping mother Olympias. Yet some got right through the ranks; for the men stood apart, and opened their ranks, as they had been taught, wherever the chariots attacked.

How To Cite This Article: Memnon of Rhodesthe Greek mercenary who aligned himself with the Persians, advocated a scorched earth strategy.

After his defeat at Issus two years previously, Darius made sure that this battleground favored his army and its tactics - particularly the use of his feared scythe-wheeled chariots.

Shortly afterward, however, Callisthenes was held to be privy to a conspiracy among the royal pages and was executed or died in prison; accounts vary ; resentment of this action alienated sympathy from Alexander within the Peripatetic school of philosophers, with which Callisthenes had close connections.

The Persian contingent that was supposed to guard the defile soon abandoned it, and Alexander passed through without any problems. The Tyrians, however, quickly devised a counterattack. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: Alexander then mounted his beloved horse Bucephalustook his place at the head of his Companion cavalryand led a direct assault against Darius.

These decisive victories forced the Persian troops to retreat and given more time for Alexander to advance further into Persian territory. He also had 15 Indian elephants supported by Indian chariots. The Persian troops, realizing they had lost, either surrendered or fled with their hapless king.

How far the rigour that from now onward Alexander displayed against his governors represents exemplary punishment for gross maladministration during his absence and how far the elimination of men he had come to distrust as in the case of Philotas and Parmenio is debatable; but the ancient sources generally favourable to him comment adversely on his severity.

Given the opening he sought, Alexander ordered a direct attack of his companion on the right flank, followed by his entire army. These raiders were in turn attacked and dispersed by the rear reserve phalanx as they were looting.

He now had eighty ships.

The Conquest of the Persian Empire

As a general Alexander is among the greatest the world has known. Darius managed to escape with a small corps of his forces remaining intact. He formed his units into a giant wedge, with him leading the charge.

He disengaged his Companions and prepared for the decisive attack. This required almost perfect timing and manoeuvring and Alexander himself to act first. Yet some got right through the ranks; for the men stood apart, and opened their ranks, as they had been taught, wherever the chariots attacked.

According to Arrianthe most reliable historian of Alexander who is believed to be relying on the work of the eyewitness Ptolemyhis forces numbered 7, cavalry and 40, infantry.

Darius was apparently unaware that, by deciding to stage the battle on a river bank, he was minimizing the numerical advantage his army had over Alexander's.

He was able to pacify the rest of Persia and move on to the exotic lands of the northwestern Indus valley. Alexander ultimately fought many of his battles on a river bank.

Wars of Alexander the Great

It was a disastrous defeat for the Persians and one of Alexander's finest victories.Battle of Gaugamela, also called Battle of Arbela, (Oct. 1, bc) battle in which Alexander the Great completed his conquest of Darius III’s Persian Empire.

Wars of Alexander the Great

It was an extraordinary victory achieved against a numerically superior army on ground chosen by the Persians. The Conquest of the Persian Empire Alexander the Great had three major battles against the Persian Empire, those three battles were the battle of Granicus, the battle of Issus, and lastly the battle of Gaugamela.

The Battle of Gaugamela took place in BC. This was the decisive battle of the conquest of Alexander the Great's. This battle eventually led to the fall of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.

Before the battle, the Persian leader, Darius, tried to find a diplomatic way to end Alexander the Great's conquest into Persia. Watch video · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.

The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia. After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King of all Asia. Alexander the Great faced a formidable Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela in BC.

by Marc G. De Santis On the morning of October 1, bc, two great armies drew up for battle to determine the destiny of empires.

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Alexander the great in conquest of gaugemel
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